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Renaissance Introductory Handout



The English Renaissance (_________________) Page 201

  1. The Renaissance was a flowering of _________________________________________
  2. __________________________ developments that began in _____________ in the

    ___________ century. The movement was inspired by the arts and scholarship of

    ___________________ and ____________________, which were rediscovered during

    the ____________________________.

  3. What were the key characteristics of the Renaissance?
  5. The Renaissance did not begin in England until________________________________
  6. ___________________________.
  7. Why were so many of the leading Renaissance figures Italian?
  8. Name three Italian Renaissance figures and what they were famous for.
  10. Who typified the Renaissance man?
  11. What is the Renaissance man?
  12. What was one consequence of the Renaissance thirst for knowledge?
  13. When did England’s participation in the Age of Exploration begin?
  14. The Protestant Reformation
  15. Many Europeans began to question the ____________________________________.
  16. Name some of the objections people had to the Church.
  18. Whose edition of the New Testament raised questions about standard Church interpretations of the Bible?
  19. Who nailed a list of dissenting beliefs to the door of a German church that ended up dividing the church?
  20. Because of this, a new Christian denomination was founded, called _________________________.
  21. The Protestant Reformation swept through much of Europe, fueled by ________________________. It led to frequent _____________ between European nations whose rules had opposing ________________ beliefs. Protestants and Catholics both suffered ________________________. The Protestants themselves became divided into two groups: __________________________________________.
  22. England under the Tudors
  23. The ________________ dynasty ruled England from _________________________. This was a period of _______________________________________________. The first Tudor monarch was _____________________________, who restored the prestige of the monarchy. Henry VII and his son ____________________ were both ______________________.
  24. Why did Henry VIII break with the Church in Rome?
  26. How many times did Henry VIII marry?
  27. Who became king after Henry VIII died?
  28. During his brief reign, what changes were made?
  30. After Edward VI died, who reigned next?
  31. How did she earn her nickname?
  33. After Mary I died, who reigned next?
  34. Describe her reign.
  36. Who was Mary Stuart?
  38. After Mary’s execution, what happened?
  40. The defeat of the Spanish Armada marked ___________________________________
  41. ____________________________________________________________________.
  42. What new dynasty came to the throne after Elizabeth died?
  43. The years of James I are described as the _________________ era. ( )
  44. How did James I treat Parliament?
  45. Who else did James I persecute?
  46. This persecution resulted in ______________________________________________.

    Achievements of the English Renaissance

  47. The Elizabethan Age produced an explosion of ______________________________. ______________________ wrote Utopia in Latin; however, many writers were using _____________________________.
  48. __________________________ introduced the sonnet to England.
  49. _____________________________ was the first to use blank verse, which is ___________________________________________________________________.
  50. Elizabethan Poetry
  51. During the lengthy reign of ______________________, ___________________ came of age. Elizabethan poets favored the __________________ and they performed the __________ and began experimenting with other poetic forms.
  52. One of the most popular literary forms during the Elizabethan Age was the
  53. _________________, a series of ______________________________________

    _____________________________. The first of the great Eliz. sonnet cycles was

    written by _________________________. Another major Eliz. poet was

    __________________, who wrote The Faerie Queen, an imaginative epic dedicated to


  54. _____________________, a playwright and poet, helped popularize pastoral verse, which ______________________________________. The poet ____________________ was a typical Renaissance man whose adventurous life mirrored the restless spirit of his day.
  55. _________________________ brought the Elizabethan sonnet to new heights. He changed the pattern and rhyme scheme of Petrarchan, or __________________ sonnet, employing a new form now known as the English, or _________________________ sonnet.
  56. Elizabethan Drama
  57. During the Elizabethan Age, playwrights turned away from ____________ subjects and began writing more sophisticated plays.
  58. Describe the plays during this time period.
  60. _________________________ became the first major Eliz. dramatists in the 1580’s. Had Marlowe lived past the age of ______, he might well have rivaled ____________________ as England’s greates playwright.
  61. (*More on Shakespeare when we read Macbeth.)

    Elizabethan and Jacobean Prose

  62. _________________ took a back seat to ____________ and ___________ in the English Renaissance.
  63. The leading prose writer of the Eng. Ren. was ______________________, whose greatest work was ___________________________. He is also known for his _______________ ___________________________.
  64. The most monumental prose achievement of the Eng. Ren. is the English translation of the _________________ commissioned by _______________________. _________________scholars labored _______________ to translate it. The ________________ is among the most widely ____________ and ________________ works in the _________________ language.
  65. The __________________________ moved England out of its ________________ past and into the _________________ world. No writers since have surpassed the literary achievements of ________________________ or the majestic language of the _______________________. These provide the ________________ against which all English literature has been judged right down to the _____________.



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