The English Renaissance
(_________________) Page 201
- The Renaissance was a flowering of
developments that began in _____________ in the
___________ century. The movement was
inspired by the arts and scholarship of
____________________, which were rediscovered during
- What were the key characteristics
of the Renaissance?
- The Renaissance did not begin in
- Why were so many of the leading
Renaissance figures Italian?
- Name three Italian Renaissance
figures and what they were famous for.
- Who typified the Renaissance man?
- What is the Renaissance man?
- What was one consequence of the
Renaissance thirst for knowledge?
- When did Englands
participation in the Age of Exploration begin?
- The Protestant Reformation
- Many Europeans began to question
- Name some of the objections people
had to the Church.
- Whose edition of the New Testament
raised questions about standard Church interpretations of
- Who nailed a list of dissenting
beliefs to the door of a German church that ended up
dividing the church?
- Because of this, a new Christian
denomination was founded, called
- The Protestant Reformation swept
through much of Europe, fueled by
________________________. It led to frequent
_____________ between European nations whose rules had
opposing ________________ beliefs. Protestants and
Catholics both suffered ________________________. The
Protestants themselves became divided into two groups:
- England under the Tudors
- The ________________ dynasty ruled
England from _________________________. This was a period
of _______________________________________________. The
first Tudor monarch was _____________________________,
who restored the prestige of the monarchy. Henry VII and
his son ____________________ were both
- Why did Henry VIII break with the
Church in Rome?
- How many times did Henry VIII
- Who became king after Henry VIII
- During his brief reign, what
changes were made?
- After Edward VI died, who reigned
- How did she earn her nickname?
- After Mary I died, who reigned
- Describe her reign.
- Who was Mary Stuart?
- After Marys execution, what
- The defeat of the Spanish Armada
- What new dynasty came to the throne
after Elizabeth died?
- The years of James I are described
as the _________________ era. ( )
- How did James I treat Parliament?
- Who else did James I persecute?
- This persecution resulted in
Achievements of the English
- The Elizabethan Age produced an
explosion of ______________________________.
______________________ wrote Utopia in Latin;
however, many writers were using
introduced the sonnet to England.
- _____________________________ was
the first to use blank verse, which is
- Elizabethan Poetry
- During the lengthy reign of
______________________, ___________________ came of age.
Elizabethan poets favored the __________________ and they
performed the __________ and began experimenting with
other poetic forms.
- One of the most popular literary
forms during the Elizabethan Age was the
- _________________, a series of
_____________________________. The first
of the great Eliz. sonnet cycles was
_________________________. Another major Eliz. poet was
__________________, who wrote The
Faerie Queen, an imaginative epic dedicated to
- _____________________, a playwright
and poet, helped popularize pastoral verse, which
______________________________________. The poet
____________________ was a typical Renaissance man whose
adventurous life mirrored the restless spirit of his day.
- _________________________ brought
the Elizabethan sonnet to new heights. He changed the
pattern and rhyme scheme of Petrarchan, or
__________________ sonnet, employing a new form now known
as the English, or _________________________ sonnet.
- Elizabethan Drama
- During the Elizabethan Age,
playwrights turned away from ____________ subjects and
began writing more sophisticated plays.
- Describe the plays during this time
- _________________________ became
the first major Eliz. dramatists in the 1580s. Had
Marlowe lived past the age of ______, he might well have
rivaled ____________________ as Englands greates
- (*More on Shakespeare when we read Macbeth.)
Elizabethan and Jacobean Prose
- _________________ took a back seat
to ____________ and ___________ in the English
- The leading prose writer of the
Eng. Ren. was ______________________, whose greatest work
was ___________________________. He is also known for his
- The most monumental prose
achievement of the Eng. Ren. is the English translation
of the _________________ commissioned by
labored _______________ to translate it. The
________________ is among the most widely ____________
and ________________ works in the _________________
- The __________________________
moved England out of its ________________ past and into
the _________________ world. No writers since have
surpassed the literary achievements of
________________________ or the majestic language of the
_______________________. These provide the
________________ against which all English literature has
been judged right down to the _____________.